Ouladnagim Tuareg Community
Nomadic camp located 120 km North of Timbuktu, on the caravan salt route to Taoudunit (Azalahi), this Bérabish tribe is of Berber origin and part of the Tuareg community. Its main activity is camel rearing, and the transport and trade of salt on the backs of camels.
The warrior community that was rich in camels and salt is seen today weakened by years of drought in 1973, 1984 and 1985, and the consequences of the Tuareg rebellion in the 1990s.
Ouladnagim, a small minority of 1,500 people in the Tuareg community, live today as they always have on their territory around a water point and a school built by the community and financed through contacts and personal friends of the tribe chief, Shindouk and the 1% Development Fund.
A little history
Islam arrived in northern Africa in the years around 670 and has touched the heart of the first Berbers, among whom the Bérabish originating in the mountains of southern Morocco. They thus became the armed Arabs who participated in the conquest of Spain, Portugal, Italy and were stopped at Poitiers in 732.
Today, this community commonly called "the Arabs" or "the Jews" of Mali, are the only people who still practice the trans-Saharan trade, mining, transport and trade of salt. The community lives in northern Mali, in the region of Timbuktu, and Tagaz Toudenit.
At the time of its cultural high, Timbuktu was also a major center of trade which brought together several ethnic groups: Sonrhai, Fulani, Bambara, Soninke, Toucouleur, Turaeg, etc.. All spoke the Arabic language. Teachers from Timbuktu relocated within the Muslim world, from Morocco to Saudi Arabia.